Miyamato Musashi was a Japanese swordsman and samurai famous for his duels and distinctive style.
Musashi, as he was often simply known, became renowned through stories of his excellent swordsmanship in numerous duels,even from a very young age (his first duel at the age of 13).
He was the founder of the Niten-ryu style of swordsmanship and the author of The Book of Five Rings (a good book depending on the translation - i recommend the one translated by William Scott Wilson). A book on strategy, tactics, and philosophy that is still studied today. As well as being a warrior Musashi was also an accomplished artist, sculptor, and calligrapher.
Below are some of Musashi works of art (the picture above has nothing to do with Musashi, besides the fact that its a samurai.. just thought it looked cool :) )